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Prostate Cancer
Treatment Guide™

Prostate Cancer Glossary



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Testicles in Prostate Cancer

Testicles are located in the scrotum below the penis. The scrotal sac is the exterior structure that protects the testicles by ascending or descending according to the temperature. The testicles produce sex cells called sperm that are sensitive to high temperatures. A sperm cell will combine with the female’s egg cell for reproduction, however, for any of the man’s sperm cells to reach the egg, they require a fluid medium produced by the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland. Testicles also produce the sex hormone testosterone which is responsible for producing the primary male characteristics for the fetus in utero as well as the secondary sexual characteristics that develop during puberty. Testosterone fuels the production and growth of the prostate gland, and when a man develops prostate cancer, the growth of the organ can be stopped by removing testosterone. One way therapists ablate the amount of testosterone in the body is by surgically removing the testicles in a process called surgical castration or orchiectomy. Surgical castration removed only the testicles, not the scrotal sac, so men who opt for surgical castration may also request the insertion of a testicular prosthesis.




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